Cleaner energy sources and less harmful emissions are the biggest challenge where we see our potential in the coming decades. In the transport sector an important role in achieving the climate goals will be placed on various alternative energy sources: electricity, CNG, biomethane, liquid biofuels, LNG and hydrogen. Each will have a significant role to play in different transport segments. In order to achieve our goals, we are already taking action today!
In 2019, we opened the first CNG station in Latvia, currently we operate six such stations and in the near future we will expand the CNG network to 10 locations.
In the passenger vehicle segment there are currently two environmentally friendly solutions available – electricity and compressed natural gas or CNG. In the near future seven electric charging points and 10 CNG filling stations will be available in the Virši network. In the long run, electricity will play an important role in the passenger vehicle segment, so the "green" electricity, which is produced in an environmentally friendly way as well as other types of renewable fuels will become increasingly relevant.
CNG or compressed natural gas, biomethane, hydrogen and electricity are already very actively used in the passenger transportation industry. For example, in Scandinavian countries, Germany, Estonia, and other European regions. We are still at the beginning of making the switch in Latvia, however, there are bus fleets that have started the transition to the alternative energy sources, or plan to do so in the near future. Due to the heavy mass of buses, electricity will be a partial solution for urban transport, while hydrogen and gaseous fuels, such as CNG, CBG, LNG and LBG will play an important role in the intercity routes.
The freight or commercial transport sector is a challenge as it accounts for the largest share of fuel consumption in the sector. Due to the large mass of vehicles, electricity in this sector will not be a rational solution for a very long time. Freight transport is expected to experience a slower decline in conventional fuels, but an increase in demand for LNG and CBG, as well as hydrogen. Currently, by developing a CNG filling network, we are also expanding the availability of these energy sources in the future.